Deliberate, idea driven, aesthetic, political and scientific-scholarly interventions by relatively small and disciplined groups.
Social movements, but also subcultural groups and communities involved in class and rights struggles and/or nursing divergent cultural values over the medium and long term which become particularly relevant during explosive moments.
The regional blocks are an important intermediate layer defining protocols.
Norms, laws and technologies regulating the flows of people across sovereign borders.
Sovereign and Subaltern Military Strategies and the impact of military infrastructure on global protocols.
Expressed by institutions and conventions such as WTO, or MAI, or regional and bilateral mechanisms of securing liberalisation and managing on the level of abstract process, seemless flows.
Technological standards such as TCP/IP, bodies such as the ITU, norms of air traffic, radio spectrum regulation, etc.
Every period is characterised by a certain currency exchange regime and monetary regime. Examples would be the gold standard, fixed or floating exchange rates. Role of central banks and monetary policy and high-finance.
Core values such as nationalism, enlightenment values, religion, work ethics or localisms.
In Marxist language the sphere of reproduction, but there is a distinction to be made between classic institutions of care for dependend people and the more molecular far less weakly institutionalised set of relations that are ultimately more important, regarding the ways humans care for each other either within families or in other relationships.